Beyond evaluating the design of your FTTH network, there are other high-level factors to consider before deploying the network:
- The skill of your labor force
- Existing fiber infrastructure in your market
- Your other fiber developments
- Future integrations with broader networks
- Government regulations
Is Your Labor Force Skilled Enough To Execute The Proposed Network Architecture?
You can either build your network internally or outsource the work to a third-party designer.
Although it may be more cost effective to manage the work internally, an unskilled labor force and poor deployment could result in a network that performs poorly - a must-avoid outcome. Provide high-quality training to your technicians or pay a premium for an outsourced partner that will get the job done right.
Is There An Existing Infrastructure In Place That You Can Use?
If you can, take advantage of already-installed cables and components as this will save you labor and material costs. Be sure that your hardware can integrate seamlessly with the existing infrastructure, should you choose to go this route. Otherwise, you may end up spending more to amend connectivity issues.
How Does This Project Relate To Your Other FTTH Network Developments?
Whenever possible, use the same components when deploying fiber networks. Gain economies of scale by deploying the same network elements across all of your projects. Additionally, standardize training for all of your network technicians and ensure that every development is executed using the same processes.
Can Your Network Easily Be Integrated Into A Broader Network?
It’s also possible that another network developer will want to purchase your infrastructure in the future. The resale value of your FTTH network depends heavily on how easily it can be integrated into another network.
On the other hand, you may also want to purchase someone else’s network. In this case, you must perform a thorough evaluation of their components and infrastructure before moving forward with any integration.
What Are The Government Regulations Around FTTH?
Before deploying a network, it’s important to know the government regulations around FTTH developments. Regulations can differ across municipalities and countries.
You need to know which documents, permits, and easements are required in your region. If you want to install cable in the ground, you may need a “Certificate of Public Convenience” before you can begin working. Some entities enforce a “Dig Once” policy in order to prevent developers from constantly uprooting up the same areas to install additional cable. For projects involving aerial fiber, you may have to obtain a “Pole Attachment Agreement.”
Your designers should also understand local fiber optic codes and standards as these impact which materials you can use. In the U.S., cabling standards are set by TIA or Telcordia. However, internationally, standards may be issued by ITU or ISO/IEC.
You may also need sign-offs from local professional engineers and cooperation from local organizations in order to gain access to their properties. Public installations may also require supervision from local authorities that can provide on-site support, such as traffic management or police supervision.